Birth control pills are hormonal contraceptives that contain small amounts of man-made estrogen and progestin hormones. These hormones work to inhibit the body’s natural cyclical hormones to prevent pregnancy.


Depo-Provera is a well-known brand name for medroxyprogesterone, a contraceptive injection for women that contains the hormone progestin. Depo-Provera is given as an injection once every three months. Depo-Provera typically suppresses ovulation, keeping your ovaries from releasing an egg.


There are two types of IUDs, hormonal and non-hormonal. Both types of IUDs work primarily by preventing sperm from fertilizing an egg. The copper IUD releases copper into the uterus, which works as a spermicide. The others release a form of the hormone progestin into the uterus. The progestin thickens the cervical mucus so that sperm can’t reach the egg.


Mirena is an intrauterine device (IUD) that’s over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. It’s made of soft, flexible plastic and placed into your uterus by your healthcare provider during a routine office visit. Mirena releases small amounts of hormone directly into the uterus and lasts for up to 5 years.

It is important to note that Mirena is recommended for women who have had a child. Mirena does not protect against HIV or STDs.


Skyla is a type of intrauterine device, also known as an IUD.  Skyla is a t-shaped device that’s placed in your uterus by your healthcare provider during a routine visit.  Skyla releases a progestin hormone locally into your uterus at a slow and continuous rate. It is estrogen-free and works continuously for up to 3 years.  Skyla is one of the most effective birth control options. It’s over 99% effective and works continuously for up to 3 years.


Nexplanon is an implant designed to prevent pregnancy. It is a very small rod inserted under the skin of a woman’s upper arm. The rod is not visible and the implant lasts for up to 4 years. It is over 99% effective.